Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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Alcuin: What is an herb?

Charlemagne: The friend of physicians and the joy of cooks.

 

 

Early Plants

 

Romano-British plants

Roman villa plants

Plants of Vindolanda

Auctoritas in the garden: What plants did the Romans really introduce in Britain?


Plants of the early Middle Ages

  Plants named in six early medieval sources:

Plants that appear in five of six early medieval sources, and those that have been identified at archeological sites in Britain

 

Medieval Manuscript Sources on Plants, 800-1300 CE

Identifying medieval plants

Anglo-Saxon plants

Bury St. Edmond's Herbal - The plants of Pseudo-Apuleius

Gardened or Gathered? The plants of the Anglo-Saxon Herbarius Apuleii

Comparing modern habitat information with that provided in Pseudo-Apuleius

 

Leechbook of Bald, an Anglo-Saxon collection of three physicians' manuals
from c.925-955 CE

Plants of the Leechbook

 

Aelfric's plants in his "Grammar," "Glossary" and "Colloquy," from the late 900s

 

The Lacnunga

Plant names found in the Capitulare de Villis, Plan of St. Gall, Hortulus, Leechbook,
     Lacnunga,
and Aelfric

A short list of plants cited most often in these MSS

 

Charter landscapes, 600-1100 CE: Fields, gardens, and plants in Anglo-Saxon England

 

Plants whose names appear in early place names

 

Dye plants of the early Middle Ages

Botany of four common dye plants

List of common medieval dye plants

Sources of information on early dye plants and processes

 

The 13th century garden of Henricus Anglicus

 

Plants on the Continent

The Plants of Charlemagne's Capitulare

Plants of Walafrid's Hortulus

Plants of St. Gall

 

Plant information from early sources

Agrimony

Apple

Asparagus

Brassicas

Betony

Calendula

Catnip

Chamomile

Clary sage

Coriander

Elderberry

Fennel

Hazel nut

Horehound

Madonna lily

Marsh mallow

Medlar

Mugwort

Mullein

Nettle

Pennyroyal

Peony

Plantain

Roses

Tansy

Wormwood

Online  and Print Resources: Medieval Plants

 

 

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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