there is a verb, dill, which means to
assuage, calm, sooth, lull to sleep. This verb
may be derived from the medicinal uses of dill
that appear in the earliest herbals, as seen in
the sampling below.
Gif mon biþ on wæter ælfadle þonne beoþ him þa handnæglas wonne 7 þa eagan tearige
7 wile locian niþer .
Do him þis to læcedome .
eoforþrote . cassuc . fone nioþoweard .
eowberge . elehtre . eolone . merscmealwan crop . fen minte . dile .
lilie . attorlaþe . polleie . marubie . docce . ellen . fel terre .
wermod . streawbergean leaf . consolde .
ofgeot mid ealaþ . do hæligwæter to
sing þis gealdor ofer þriwa .
Ic benne awrat betest beado wræda
ne burnon ne burston
ne fundian ne feologan .
ne hoppettan ne wund wacosian .
ne dolh diopian .
ac him self healde hale wæge .
ne ace þe þon ma
þe eorþan on eare ace .
Sing þis manegum siþum .
Eorþe þe onbere eallum hire
mihtum 7 mægenum .
þas galdor mon mæg singan on wunde .
If a man has
the wet pox then are his fingernails dark
his eyes teary and
will look downwards .
Give him this as
Carline thistle . reed . iris root .
yew berry . lupin . elecampane .
marshmallow tops .
spearmint . dill . lily . fumitory .
pennyroyal . horehound . dock . elder . centaury . wormwood . strawberry
leaves . comfrey .
Soak with ale . add holy water
sing this prayer three times .
I have wrapped round best warrior band
so the wound
neither burn nor burst
nor strive nor fester
nor throb nor wound
nor scar deepen .
but himself hold healthy way
nor hurt you more than
earth an ear of grain hurts .
Sing also this many times .
Earth destroy that with all her
& main .
This prayer one may sing over a
þis is seo
aeðeleste eahsealf wið eahwyrce 7 wid miste 7 wið wenne 7 wið
weormum 7 wið gicðan 7 wið tyrendum eagan 7 wið aelcum uncuðum
geswelle genim feferfugian blosman 7 ðunorclefran blosman 7 dyles
blosman 7 hamorwyrte blosman 7 twegra cynna wyrmod 7 pollegian 7
neoðowearde lilian 7 haewene hnydelan 7 lufestice 7 dolhrunan 7
geporta ða wyrta tosomne 7 awyll on heortes mearge oððe on his
smerwe 7 menge do ðonne on tela micel in ða eagan 7 smere utan 7
wyrm to fyre 7 ðeos sealf deah wid aeghwylcum geswelle to dicganne
7 to smergenne / on swa hwylcum lime swa hit on bið
This is the noblest eye salve
against eye disease
& against cataract
& against impetigo
against watery eyes
against odd swelling take feverfew blossoms
two kinds of wormwood
the lower part of lily
pound the plants together
boil them in deer marrow or grease
mix then put a large amount into the eyes
warm at the fire;
this salve is good for every swelling, to swallow
& to smear with, on whatever
limb it is.
hwostan nim huniges tear 7 merces sæd 7 diles sæd cnuca
þaet sæd smale maeng ðicge wið ðone tear 7 pipers
ðe nim dry sticcan fulle
For a cough take a drop of honey
dill seed pound
that seed small mingle it
take three spoons full
Image courtesy of the British
Royal MS 12 C XIX, f. 45v, c. 1200
Arestolobius waes haten an cing
he waes wis 7 1aececraeftig he þa gesette
forþon godne morgen draenc wið
ealIum untrumnessum þe mannes
lichoman iond styriaþ
innan oððe utan ...
þonne draenc of
nim merces sæd drige 7 finoles sæd 7 petersylian sæd 7
feldmoran sæd 7 felterran sæd þaet is eorðgeallan diles sæd 7 rudan sæd cawel sæd 7
cyllendran sæd 7 feferfuigan sæd 7 twa mintan
þt is tun minte 7 hors
minte 7 betonican sæd 7 luuestices sæd 7 alexandrian sæd 7 saluian
sæd 7 slarian sæd 7 wermodes sæd 7 sæperian sæd 7 biscopwyrte sæd 7
horselenan sæd 7 beolonan sæd þaet is haennebelle acrimonian sæd
þaet is garcliue 7 stancroppes sæd marubian
sæd þaet is harehune 7 neptan sæd 7 wuduhrofan
sæd 7 wudumerces sæd eoforprotan sæd do ealra pyssa wyrta efenfela.
aelcre anre swa micel swa þara oðra twa
is cymen 7 cost 7 piper 7 gingifra 7 hwit cuda.
þas wyrta ealle to swiþe smalan duste 7 do
þis dustes godne cucelere fulne on
ane scaence cuppan fulle cealdes
wines 7 syle drincan on niht nyhstig nytta
Arestolobius was known as a king he
skilled in healing . He set forth a good morning drink
against all illness which stirs throughout someone's body within or
Make then a drink of these plants ...
Take march seed dry
& parsnip seed
felterre seed that is centaury dill
& the two mints that
is garden mint
& betony seed
& alexanders seed
& bishopwort seed
& beolone seed that is
& agrimony seed that is
& stonecrop seed marubian seed
that is horehound
& catnip seed
& wild celery seed
carline thistle seed take of all these plants
Take then of these plants that
as much as two of the others that is cumin
Work all these plants strongly to
& put of this dust a good spoonful
in a small drinking cup full of cold wine
you shall give to drink at night fasting use
this drink when you have need.
Wið heafod ece genim
diles blostman seoð on ele smire þa þuwangan mid.
Against headache take dill
blossoms simmer in oil smear the temples with it
Eft dile gebærned gemeng with ahsan
hunig wyrc to sealfe aþweah þonne 7 begeþe tha wunda
ærest mid hate wætere æfter þon mid
werme ele ge smire on tham þe wære wir gesoden lege þone
þa sealfe on.
Again, take burnt dill mix the
ashes with honey
work into a salve wash then
wounds first with hot water after then with
warm oil &
fat in which myrtle has been simmered lay then the
Wið lungen adle 7 breost wraece
genim merces sæd 7 diles sæd gnid wyl 7 gemaeng wið huniges tearer
do sumne dael pipores 7 do him ete
þreo snæda on niht
Against lung disease
short-windedness take smallage seed
dill seed grind well
with a drop of honey add some
parts of pepper
& make the person eat
three slices at night fasting
Many plants have
been used in past and present times for medicinal purposes, and as
one of the focuses of Wyrtig is the history of gardening, these uses
are discussed here. However, common sense
requires that you consult your family physician or other
health care provider before using any plant materials for medicinal
purposes. The old saying that "A doctor who treats him- or her-
self has a fool for a patient" is no less true in herbal medicine
than in any other branch of the healing sciences. Herbal remedies
should not be used by the uninformed; medical advice should be
sought before using any herbal remedy.