Wyrtig

For gardeners with a sense of history
 

OE wyrtig, adj: Garden-like, full of plants;
On anum wyrtige hamme, Homl. Skt. ii. 30:312
.

  

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Growing Heirloom Plants

 

What is an heirloom plant? For our purposes, this term refers to plants grown in gardens for many centuries. Below is information about growing heirloom plants known to early gardeners, followed by descriptions of these plants and their uses from early sources.
 

Agrimony - Agrimonia eupatoria odorata

     Agrimony in early sources

 

Apples - Malus spp.

     Apples in early sources
 

Asparagus - Asparagus officinalis

     Asparagus in early sources
 

Betony - Stachys betonica/officinalis

     Betony in early sources
 

Brassicas - Cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, and turnips

     Brassicas in early sources
 

Calendula - Calendula officinalis

     Calendula in early sources
 

Catnip - Nepeta cataria

     Catnip in early sources

 

Chamomile - Chamaemelum nobile
     Chamomile in early sources

 

Clary sage - Salvia sclarea

     Clary in early sources
 

Coriander - Coriandrum sativa

     Coriander in early sources

 

Dill - Anethum graveolens

     Dill in early sources
 

Elderberry - Sambucus nigra

     Elderberry in early sources
 

Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare

     Fennel in early sources
 

Hazel - Corylus avellana

     Hazel in early sources
 

Horehound - Marrubium vulgare

     Horehound in early early sources

 

Madonna lily - Lilium candidum

     Madonna lily in early sources

 

Marsh Mallow - Althaea officinalis

     Marsh mallow in early sources

 

Medlar - Mespilus germanicum

     Medlar in early sources
 

Mugwort - Artemesia vulgaris

     Mugwort in early sources
 

Mullein - Verbascum thapsus

     Mullein in early sources
 

Nettle -Urtica dioica

     Nettle in early sources
 

Pennyroyal - Mentha pulegium

     Pennyroyal in early sources
 

Peony - Paeonia officinalis

     Peony in early sources

 

Plantain - Plantago major

     Plantain in early sources
 

Rosa and the Apothecary rose - Rosa gallica officinalis

     Roses in early sources

 

Shepherd's purse - Capsella bursa-pastoris

     Shepherd's purse in early sources

 

Tansy - Tanacetum vulgare

       Tansy in early sources

 

Wormwood, Artemesia absinthium

    Wormwood in early sources

   

 

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Botanists are among those who know that, in spite of the rude shocks of life,
it is well to have lived, and to have seen the everlasting beauty of the world.
F.D. Drewitt

 

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